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analysis of Shakespeare's sonnet 18 ...... First year students

اذهب الى الأسفل

analysis of Shakespeare's sonnet 18 ...... First year students

مُساهمة من طرف Gleam في السبت سبتمبر 17, 2011 6:35 am

Hi everybody I hope you are having fun in our forum

tody I have an analysis of Sonnet 18 by Shakespeare....... by the way I am a big fan of shakespeare



anyway, reading these lines could bring benefits to English literature students specially to FIRST year students

let's begin

first this is our renowned sonnet



SONNET 18



Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?
Thou art more lovely and more temperate:

Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,

And summer's lease hath all too short a date:
Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,
And often is his gold complexion dimm'd;
And every fair from fair sometime declines,
By chance or nature's changing course untrimm'd;

But thy eternal summer shall not fade
Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest;

Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade,

When in eternal lines to time thou growest:
So long as men can breathe or eyes can see,
So long lives this and this gives life to thee.



You may find that some words are strange but it's normal


Sonnet 18 is part of a large group of sonnets that Shakespeare wrote
addressing a man of great beauty. Shakespeare, in sonnet 18, uses
descriptions of nature, and the power and images that they imply, and
directly compares them to the power the young man possesses in his
youth, vigor, and promise. Shakespeare then finds that the beauty and
power of nature do not compare to the beauty and power of the young man.
He uses his poem as a way to provide the youth with an eternal
existence and subsequently makes it evident that Shakespeare sees the
young man as more than a human,


In the first quatrain Shakespeare begins his comparison between the
young man and nature by comparing the young man to a summer’s day. The
image suggests illumination, brilliance, light, life, and all things
associated with the sun as the source of all these things. Shakespeare
feels the same way about the young man; he is in his prime, in his
glory, full of life and beautiful. He is idealized by Shakespeare in
this description. It is interesting to note that the first line is in
the form of a question. Shakespeare at this point, realizes that he’s
made a mistake in his comparison. “Thou art more lovely and more
temperate.” (Line 2) He knows that his language and comparison are
inadequate in trying to express the way he feels. He knows that
comparing the youth to a summer’s day does not do justice to the
feelings he has for him. The youth is more perfect than the beauty of a
summer’s day. The man is more temperate--- he is gentler, more constant,
and more controlled. He is safely more reliant than a summer’s day.
Shakespeare questions the idea of the man being as gorgeous as a
summer’s day and then ups the ante by saying the youth is more
impressive. This is a great compliment and establishes that the feelings
that Shakespeare has for the young man far transcend those of
friendship or admiration. His feelings for the youth are that of love.




The following lines offer explanations of why the comparison to a
summer’s day is not good enough. Shakespeare begins to show all of
summer’s imperfections, beginning with the example that rough winds come
in May and disturb the darling flowers. May is a time in the year when
the weather starts to warm up and flowers are in full bloom--- the very
beginning of summer. Shakespeare again uses a force of nature when he
speaks of the wind. The image suggested is that of the hot wind of May
coming and blowing petals off of the beautiful flowers. In contrast, the
wind may be a metaphor for problems and obstacles in life and how the
young man is not affected by opposition--- that he cannot be shaken.
“Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May

summer may have imperfections but the youth, by Shakespeare’s belief,
does not. This seems contradictory, as the fact is that the youth is a
human and all human beings are imperfect. Shakespeare is happily blinded
by his love. In his eyes, the youth can do no wrong and he has no
negative attributes. Like any person in love, Shakespeare puts the youth
on a great pedestal. This again is an affirmation of the love that
Shakespeare feels for the man.

Shakespeare continues in his explanation of the inadequacy of summer. It
may be beautiful at times, but it is important to realize that it only
lasts for a period of time during the year--- “And summer’s lease hath
all too short a date. (4). This comparison implies that the youth’s
beauty lasts all year long; there is no limit on it and there is no time
clock ticking to end it. The issue of time is one of great importance
in this poem. Shakespeare feels as though the youth is not subject to
time or age. Summer’s glory and beauty may end, but the youth’s will
not. His denial of the mortality of the youth proves that he does not
see him as human, but as something greater




Shakespeare expresses that the sun shines too much some days and it is
too hot. Other days the sun’s face is hidden by clouds and it is
overcast. His personification of the sun lends a hand to comparison. The
sun is too hot, but the youth is, as before, temperate. The sun’s
golden complexion may be hidden by clouds but the youth’s beauty and
golden complexion are never hindered or hidden. There is great power in
the comparison of the youth to the sun. Shakespeare believes that all
the power the sun possesses, brilliance, heat, color, blindness, and
life are nothing compared to the power and perfection of the young man.
This belief again provides affirmation that like a God, the young man is
greater than the source of light and life on earth.



“And every fair from fair sometimes declines, By chance or nature’s
changing course untrimmed:” (7-8) By saying that every fair from fair
declines, Shakespeare is saying that every beautiful thing, at some
point, grows less and less beautiful and that it reaches the point when
it can never be as beautiful as when it first came into being. All
beautiful things will fall from perfection. Like summer, beauty has a
time limit on it. This is not the case with the young man. His beauty
will never dim, nor wilt like the flowers in the wind, nor lessen, nor
be covered like the sun may be. He will always retain the state of
perfection.



The next line shows that beauty flails because of chance accidents or by
the fluctuation of nature’s course. This again ties in to the idea that a summer’s day is unpredictable and subject to change.
This again is not true for the youth. The youth is temperate and his
perfection is untouchable. He is steadfast and reliable. He is immune
from accidents or fluctuation. He is again, perfection.



At this point Shakespeare has finished explaining how summer is an
inadequate comparison to the youth and begins to explain his promise to
the youth. “But thy eternal summer shall not fade…” The eternal summer
represents the eternity of the youth’s perfection. The eternal summer
won’t ever fade and it will never lose its original beauty. This again
affirms that the youth is not subject to time. He is immortal.




.




عدل سابقا من قبل Gleam في السبت سبتمبر 17, 2011 6:50 am عدل 1 مرات
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رد: analysis of Shakespeare's sonnet 18 ...... First year students

مُساهمة من طرف Gleam في السبت سبتمبر 17, 2011 6:42 am

Shakespeare finally declares that the reason that the youth will always
be immortal and in perfect state is death has no power over him. “Nor
shall Death brag thou wander’st in his shade...” (11) Unlike Death’s
eventual victory over every living thing, it will not have any affect on
the youth. The reason for this being that the youth, in all his glory,
will always and forever be captured in Shakespeare’s verse and because
of these lines, the youth will remain immortal and will grow as time
grows.




“So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see, So long lives this, and
this give life to thee.” (13-14) This final part of Shakespeare’s
promise to the youth explains that as long as man inhabits the earth,
the verse will always exist, and because of the existence of the verse,
the youth will live on forever in the words. His image and beauty will
always be captured in time and because it is captured, he will remain
immortal. The verse gives the youth a means for immortality and eternal
existence because it transcends the time barrier.




Through the intensity of the emotion of love that Shakespeare is able to
express in his writing it is proven that he viewed the youth as
godlike. He idealizes the young man by the description of his beauty.
His writing is motivated by the love that he feels for the youth. He
explains the youth’s perfection by comparing and contrasting the youth
to a summer’s day. He explains that a summer’s day is as inadequate a
comparison, as the language he uses is in his attempt to express all he
feels for the youth. Through the verse and his use of symbolism and
personification of aspects of nature, and of the youth, Shakespeare is
able to fully utilize this comparison by morphs the youth into the
“endless summer,” an ideal without flaw or imperfection. He shows
admiration and adoration for the youth by denying the man have any
faults. Shakespeare explains that the youth, unlike summer, is immune to
time and aging and the fading of beauty, and therefore makes him immortal. He provides
means for immortality and eternity though the verse he writes because
the youth will still exist on paper, even after the youth is no longer
part of the physical world. Shakespeare catapults the man into a
creature of perfection, beauty, endless youth, immortality, and because
of all these attributes, he is a god in his own right






That is all about sonnet 18

bye
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رد: analysis of Shakespeare's sonnet 18 ...... First year students

مُساهمة من طرف Gleam في السبت سبتمبر 17, 2011 6:51 am

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رد: analysis of Shakespeare's sonnet 18 ...... First year students

مُساهمة من طرف Hacker 008 في الأحد سبتمبر 18, 2011 7:52 am

مشكورة


Stand for something or you'll fall for nothing


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مُساهمة من طرف OLLA في الإثنين سبتمبر 19, 2011 6:49 am

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رد: analysis of Shakespeare's sonnet 18 ...... First year students

مُساهمة من طرف Gleam في الثلاثاء سبتمبر 20, 2011 4:56 am

u are welcome
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مُساهمة من طرف Admin Hadi في الثلاثاء سبتمبر 20, 2011 4:13 pm

شكرا جزيلا الك
نحن درسنا هل قصيدة بالفصل الأول من هالسنة
والكل بظن بأيدني انو الشعر هو من أصعب المواد بالنسبة لطلاب السنة الأولى
والصعوبة بتكمن بفهم القصيدة و معنى الشاعر

أنا بدي اشكرك جزيل الشكر على هالمبادرة و بتمنى انو نركز كتير على هيك مواضيع بتفيدنا بمناهجنا
شكرا جزيلا...
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رد: analysis of Shakespeare's sonnet 18 ...... First year students

مُساهمة من طرف عنفوان فتاة في الثلاثاء سبتمبر 20, 2011 6:14 pm

يعطيك العافية ... شكرا ع المبادرة الحلوة .. فعلا انا بايد هادي الشعر من اصعب المواد والله


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مُساهمة من طرف Admin Yazid في السبت أكتوبر 08, 2011 11:27 am

شكرا كتير فعلا مبادرة حلوة كتير
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مُساهمة من طرف Sandy Bell في الأحد أكتوبر 09, 2011 8:40 pm

الشعر بالنسبة الي كان من أمتع المواد و حلووووووووووووو و سهل
و كنت جيب فيه علاماتااااااااااااااااااااات
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مُساهمة من طرف Gleam في الجمعة أكتوبر 14, 2011 6:58 am

:) أهلين
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